Teaching of the church for 1500 years about -
Divorce and Remarriage.
I am just repeating This information, it was not my own study. If you
can show me information that what I am sharing about any of these historical
men is incorrect, I want to know. Thanks for your comments.
Agreement Of all the early recognized Church Fathers who wrote, concerning discussion and debate, in thousands of surviving documents, over hundreds of years, there is general agreement on the essential core doctrines of marriage, divorce and remarriage. And as can be seen here divorce-remarriage while spouse was alive was taught to be sin for 1500 years. Even 50 years ago when I was young there was still a stigma or thought of disgrace attached with divorce-remarriage but now it is ok to come out of the closet as is said about other sin also.
Hermes, Justin Martyr, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Basil the Great, Ambrose of Milan, Jerome,
Hermes A.D. 90
Hermes was sold into slavery and sent to
Rome as a boy. He was later set free by his owner, a woman called Rhoda. He
became known as one of the authoritative Fathers of the Church and an
influential Christian writer, noted for his detailed description of early
Christianity. His surviving book, “The Shepherd”, was considered to be an
inspired book of the Holy Bible until the fourth century A.D. To quote the
translators: “The Shepherd of Hermas is in form, an apocalypse. It consists of
a series of revelation made to Hermas by the church, who appears in the form of
a woman, by the shepherd, the angel of repentance, and by the great angel who is
in charge of Christians. Each revelation is accompanied by an explanation, and
from these it can be seen though the form of the book is apocalyptic and
visionary, its object is practical and ethical.”
"I charge you," said he, "to guard your
chastity, and let no thought enter your heart of another man's wife, or of
fornication, or of similar iniquities; for by doing this you commit a great sin.
But if you always remember your own wife, you will never sin. For if this
thought enter your heart, then you will sin; and if, in like manner, you think
other wicked thoughts, you commit sin. For this thought isgreat sin in a servant
of God. But if any one commit this wicked deed, he works death for himself.
Attend, therefore, and refrain from this thought; for where purity dwells, there
iniquity ought not to enter the heart of a righteous man." I said to him, "Sir,
permit me to ask you a few questions.""Say on," said he. And I said to him, "Sir, if any one has a wife who
trusts in the Lord, and if he detect her in adultery, does the man sin if he
continue to live with her?"
And he said to me, "As long as he remains ignorant of her sin, the
husband commits no transgression in living with her. But if the husband know
that his wife has gone astray, and if the woman does not repent, but persists in
her fornication, and yet the husband continues to live with her, he also is
guilty of her crime, and a sharer in her adultery."
And I said to him, "What
then, sir, is the husband to do, if his wife continue in her vicious practices?"
And he said, "The husband should put her away, and remain by himself. But if
he put his wife away and marry another, he also commits adultery."
And I said
to him, "What if the woman put away should repent, and wish to return to her
husband: shall she not be taken back by he husband?"
And he said to me,
"Assuredly. If the husband do not take her back, he sins, and brings a great sin
upon himself; for he ought to take back the sinner who has repented…In this
matter man and woman are to be treated exactly in the same way.
–The Shepherd 4:1-10(a)
1. If a wife persists in adulterous behavior the
“innocent party” may, and should, divorce in order to separate away from the
sins of the offender
2. If a husband divorces his wife for such a reason he
must remain single and not remarry.
3. If a wife repents of her offence the
husband must forgive her and receive her back as wife.
4. If the husband does
not forgive his repentant wife he brings a great sin upon himself.
5. Men and woman are to act and be regarded exactly the same in this
Justin Martyr A.D. 151
Justin Martyr was one of the great, early theologians and apologists
for the Church. He had the distinction of presenting a defining explanation and
defense of Christianity to Caesar and the Imperial Roman Senate.
for the Christians”, written to refute charges of sedition to the Roman state,
is a magnificent legal testimony of the power of early Christians to live Holy
and pleasing lives in an evil and corrupted society. Justin was beheaded for
refusing to sacrifice to pagan Gods.
Justin Martyr wrote:
“In regards to chastity, Jesus has this
to say: ‘If anyone look at lust at a woman, he has already before God committed
adultery in his heart.’ And, ‘Whoever marries a woman who has been divorced from
another husband, commits adultery.’ “
“According to our teacher, just as
they are sinners who contract a second marriage, even though it is in accord
with human law, so also are they sinners who look with lustful desires at a
woman. He repudiates not only one who actually commits adultery, but even one
who wishes to do so; for not only our actions are manifest to God, but even our
thoughts.”(First Apology 15) (a)
Justin Martyr taught:
To indulge in lust is to be guilty of adultery of the
Whoever marries a divorced person commits
Whoever contracts a second marriage is sinning against God. (while a
former spouse lives)
God does not, and the Church must not, take into account human law when
it is in violation of God’s law.
God judges motives and intentions, private thought life and actions.
All is known and exposed to the God with which we have to
Clement of Alexandria A.D.208
Titus Flavius Clemens, known as Clement of Alexandria,
was a Greek theologian who served as head of the
famous Catechetical School in Alexandria. His writings were designed to guide
mature Christians to a more perfect knowledge of God and a pure moral character.
His defense of the faith exhorted morals, kindness and patience. He taught that
the thoughts and will of God in the Scriptures exhorts, educates and perfects
the true Christian. Many scholars believe he founded the great Alexandrian
School of Theology. He is listed as a martyr for his faith.
Clement of Alexandria wrote:
counsels marriage, however, and never allows any release from the union, is
expressly contained in the law: “You shall not divorce a wife, except for reason
of adultery.” And it regards as adultery the marriage of a spouse, while the one
from whom a separation was made is still alive. “Whoever takes a divorced woman
as wife commits adultery,” it says; for “if anyone divorce his wife, he
debauches her;” that is, he compels her to commit adultery. And not only does he
that divorces her become the cause of this, but also he that takes the woman and
gives her the opportunity of sinning; for if he did not take her, she would
return to her husband.”(Miscellanies 2:23:145:3) (a)
Clement of Alexandria taught:
1. The Scriptures encourage Christians to enter a marriage relationship.
2. The marriage union covenant is permanent and does not allow
anyone to be released from the union.
3. The only legitimate reason for divorce is adultery, otherwise separation
is prohibited. A remarriage while a former spouse lives is living in the state
of adultery, therefore expressly forbidden in Scripture.
4. A man who divorces his wife violates and corrupts
her, for if she remarries, for any reason except for the death of her husband,
she becomes an adulteress. 5. The one who marries a divorced spouse sins not
only by committing adultery with another’s spouse but also sins against God by
acting as an impediment to reconciliation of the original marriage.
6. If the divorced spouse had remained single she would have, if possible
returned to the first union.
Origen A.D. 248
Origen is known as the
most accomplished and significant theologian of the early Church. As a student
and exegete of the Old and New Testaments, he influenced the critical thinking
of the Church in his day to such an extent that his works still have major
impact on doctrine and practice. He was the first teacher known to use the
“allegorical”method of Scriptural interpretation. It is estimated that he wrote
some 5,000 thesis, tracts, epistles and books in his lifetime of service. Much
of his work concentrated on refuting dangerous error and heresy. Origen was
imprisoned during the reign of Emperor Decius. He was tortured to such an extent
that he died from his ordeal after being
For confessedly he who puts away his wife when she is not a fornicator,
makes her an adulteress, so far as it lies with him, for if, "when the husband
is living she shall be called an adulteress if she be joined to another man;"
and when by putting her away, he gives to her the excuse of a second marriage,
very plainly in this way he makes her an adulteress…
Just as a woman is an
adulteress, even though she seems to be married to a man, while a former husband
yet lives, so also the man who seems to marry who has been divorced does not
marry her, but, according to the declaration of our Savior, he commits adultery
with her.(Commentaries on Matthew 14) (a)
1.A man that divorces his wife who is not guilty of fornication causes
her to become an adulteress if she remarries, and the man that marries her is
2.The marriage covenant between a man and a woman is permanent, as long
as both husband and wife are alive.
3. No matter what the legal circumstances may appear to be to the contrary,
a remarriage relationship when either or both parties are divorced, while a
former partner lives, is adultery.
4.The intimate relations between the man and the woman remarried while
former spouses still live are adulterous, and considered sin.
5.A remarriage is not an actual marriage whatsoever, but disguised
Basil the Great A.D. 375
Basil was born in Caesarea and educated in Athens. He is considered one
of the great Fathers and Doctors of the Church. His writings include “On the
Holy Spirit” and “Moralia.” He was asked by the Church to help defend against
the Arian heretical doctrines and subsequently became Bishop of Caesarea in
Basil became Basil the Great because of his outstanding personal
integrity and holiness as well as his brilliance as a theologian and defender of
Basil the Great wrote:
The man who has deserted his wife and goes to another is himself an
adulterer because he makes her commit adultery; and the woman who live with him
is an adulteress, because she has caused another woman’s husband to come over to
her…The woman who lives with an adulterer is an adulteress the whole
The woman who has been abandoned by her husband, ought, in my judgment,
to remain as she is. The Lord said, “If any one leave his wife, saving for the
cause of fornication, he causes her to commit adultery;” thus, by calling her
adulteress, He excludes her from intercourse with another man. For how can the
man being guilty, as having caused adultery, and the woman, go without blame,
when she is called an adulteress by the Lord for having intercourse with another
man? A man who marries another man’s wife who has been taken away from him
will be charged with adultery… -Amphilochius 199 (a)
1. A man that deserts his wife and she remarries another makes his
wife commit adultery.
2. The woman who a divorced man marries is guilty of adultery.
3. The second woman is guilty of taking another woman’s husband.
4. An adulterous relationship is continuous adultery, not a onetime sin.
5. An abandoned wife is to remain as she is and not remarry.
6. an abandoned woman that takes another man and has
sexual intercourse with him is committing adultery.
7. If a man is guilty of adultery, so is a woman.
8. It is a serious offence for a woman to take
another woman’s husband and will be charged with adultery.
9. It is a serious
offence for a man to take another man’s wife and will be charged with
Ambrose of Milan A.D. 387
Ambrose is known as one of the four original
Doctors of the Church. Born in Germany and educated in Rome, he was asked to be
Bishop of Milan because of his extraordinary kindness and wisdom, earning him
the love and esteem of his people. History records that he publicly confronted
rebuked and led to repentance Caesar Theodosius over the slaughtering of
thousands of Thessalonians.
He wrote major treatises on Christian morality
and personal Holiness, warning against adopting the world’s standards. He was by
all accounts a most extraordinary man, equal to his times. He was influential in
bringing Augustine into a saving personal knowledge of Jesus Christ and
receiving him into the Body of Christ.
Ambrose of Milan wrote:
But what shall I say about chastity,
when only one and no second union is allowed? As regards marriage, the law is,
not to marry again, nor to seek union with another wife. It seems strange to
many why impediment should be caused by a second marriage entered on before
baptism, so as to prevent election to the clerical office, and to the reception
of the gift of ordination; seeing that even crimes are not wont to stand in the
way, if they have been put away in the sacrament of baptism. But we must learn,
that in baptism sin can be forgiven, but law cannot be abolished. In the case of
marriage there is no sin, but there is a law. Whatever sin there is can be put
away, whatever law there is cannot be laid aside in marriage.
On the duties of Clergy:1:257 (a)And what else did
John have in mind but what is virtuous, so that he could not endure a wicked
union even in the king's case, saying: "It is not lawful for thee to have her to
wife."118 He could have been silent, had he not thought it unseemly for himself
not to speak the truth for fear of death, or to make the prophetic office yield
to the king, or to indulge in flattery. He knew well that he would die as he was
against the king, but he preferred virtue to safety. Yet what is more expedient
than the suffering which brought glory to the saint.
On the duties of Clergy, 3:89 (a)No one is
permitted to know a woman other than his wife. The marital right is given you
for this reason: lest you fall in a snare and sin with a strange woman. “If you
are bound to a wife do not seek a divorce,” for you are not permitted, while
your wife lives to marry another.” –
(a)You dismiss your wife, therefore, as if by right and without being
charged with wrongdoing; and you suppose it is proper for you to do so because
no human law forbids it; but divine law forbids it. Anyone who obeys men should
stand in awe of God. Hear the Word of the Lord, which even they who propose our
laws must obey: “What God has joined together, let no man put asunder.”
–Commentary on Luke, Sec. 8:5 (a)
Ambrose of Milan taught:
1.Sex is a marital right that is limited to one’s own husband or wife.
Legitimate sexual relations with one’s spouse protects from sexual sin.
2.Extramarital sex is sin and a snare that will catch and kill.
3.It is forbidden by God for a spouse to divorce and to remarry another.
4.Ambrose interprets Paul’s writings in Corinthians to mean that it is
forbidden for a man or woman to remarry another while a former or earlier
5.It is a wrong understanding to believe that it is simply one’s right to divorce a spouse. Even
though human law may permit such a thing, God strictly forbids it.
6.Anyone who follows human customs and laws regarding marriage, divorce
and remarriage, instead of Divine laws should stand in fearful awe of God.
7.All lawmakers, in and out of the Church are warned, to their peril, to
hear and obey the Word of the Lord.
8. Jesus’command is reaffirmed: “What God has
joined together, let no man put asunder.”
9.Conversion to Christianity forgives past sin but does not nullify or
set aside God’s laws.
Jerome A.D. 396
Jerome was another
great Father and Doctor of the early Church whose most important work was the
translation of the Bible into Latin (The Vulgate). He wrote works defending the
Church from Jovinian, Vigilantius and Pelagianism heretics that were threatening
the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
In explaining the testimony of the apostle, "The wife hath not power of
her own body, but the husband; and likewise, also, the husband hath not power of
his own body, but the wife," we have subjoined the following: "The entire
question relates to those who are living in wedlock, whether it is lawful for
them to put away their wives, a thing which the Lord also has forbidden in the
Gospel. Following the decision of the Lord the apostle teaches that a wife must
not be put away saving for fornication, and that, if she has been put away, she
cannot during the lifetime of her husband marry another man, or, at any rate,
that she ought, if possible, to be reconciled to her husband. In another verse
he speaks to the same effect: `The wife is bound ...as long as her husband
liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband;
she is at liberty to be married to, whom she will; only in the Lord. I find
joined to your letter of inquiries a short paper containing the following words:
"ask him,(that is me,) whether a woman who has left her husband on the ground
that he is an adulterer and sodomite and has found herself compelled to take
another may in the lifetime of him whom she first left be in communion with the
church without doing penance for her fault." As I read the case put I recall the
verse "they make excuses for their sins." We are all indulgent to our own
faults; and what our own will leads us to do we attribute to a necessity of
nature. It is as though a young man were to say, "I am over-borne by my body,
the glow of nature kindles my passions, the structure of my frame and its
reproductive organs call for sexual intercourse." Or again a murderer might say,
"I was in want, I stood in need of food, I had nothing to cover me. If i shed
the blood of another, it was to save myself from dying of cold and hunger." Tell
the sister, therefore, who thus enquires of me concerning her condition, not my
sentence but that of the apostle. "Know ye not, brethren (for I speak to them
that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he
liveth? For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband,
so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of
her husband. So then, if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another
man, she shall be called an adulteress." And in another place: "the wife is
bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she
is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord." The apostle has
thus cut away every plea and has clearly declared that, if a woman marries
again while her husband is living, she is an adulteress. You must not speak to
me of the violence of a ravisher, a mother's pleading, a father's bidding, the
influence of relatives, the insolence and the intrigues of servants, household
losses. A husband may be an adulterer or a sodomite, he may be stained with
every crime and may have been left by his wife because of his sins; yet he is
still her husband and, so long as he lives, she may not marry another. The
apostle does not promulgate this decree on his own authority but on that of
Christ who speaks in him. For he has followed the words of Christ in the gospel:
"whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth
her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced,
committeth adultery." Mark what he says: "whosoever shall marry her that is
divorced committeth adultery." Whether she has put away her husband or her
husband her, the man who marries her is still an adulterer. I have not been able
quite to determine what it is that she means by the words "has found herself
compelled" to marry again. What is this compulsion of which she speaks? Was she
overborne by a crowd and ravished against her will? If so, why has she not,
thus victimized, subsequently put away her ravisher? Let her read the books of
Moses and she will find that if violence is offered to a betrothed virgin in a
city and she does not cry out, she is punished as an adulteress: but if she is
forced in the field, she is innocent of sin and her ravisher alone is amenable
to the laws. Therefore if your sister, who, as she says, has been forced into a
second union, wishes to receive the body of Christ and not to be accounted an
adulteress, let her do penance; so far at least as from the time she begins to
repent to have no farther intercourse with that second husband who ought to be
called not a husband but an adulterer. If this seems hard to her and if she
cannot leave one whom she has once loved and will not prefer the Lord to sensual
pleasure, let her hear the declaration of the apostle: "ye cannot drink the cup
of the Lord and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table
and of the table of devils," and in another place: "what communion hath light
with darkness? and what concord hath Christ with Belial?
–Letters 55, 58 (a)
1.The Lord has forbidden divorce and remarriage in the gospel.
2.Christians must stop making excuses for and trying to find justification
for divorce and remarriage. None of it stands before God, and must not
be considered at all when applying the Word of God in the Church or to our
3.A marriage is for life, and no matter what a spouse turns out to be, or
how they may act, or the sins they commit, the covenant remains fully
in effect. God does not divide the one flesh relationship.
4.A spouse that is
separated or divorced for any reason, no matter how provoked, or how
circumstances came to be as they are, is still bound to the marriage covenant,
and cannot be remarried to another, as long as both
Augustine A.D. 419
Augustine is widely regarded to be the single
greatest Church leader and theologian between the time of the Apostles of Jesus
Christ, and the reformation period, and perhaps beyond. His personal testimony
of seeking and finding God after an early life of sin is as fresh and new today,
and as transparently Spirit filled as it was then. His place in the Church,
among his peers, can be compared to what Paul’s was among the Apostles. He
rigorously and effectively defended the faith from enemies on all sides. His
writings are credited with influencing to an enormous extent the thinking of the
great leaders of the reformation.
This we now say, that, according to this condition of being born and
dying, which we know, and in which we have been created, the marriage of male
and female is some good, the compact whereof divine Scripture so commends, as
that neither is it allowed one put away by her husband to marry, so long as her
husband lives; nor is it allowed one put away by his wife to marry another,
unless she who have separated from him be dead. Our Lord, therefore, in order to
confirm that principle, that a wife should not lightly be put away, made the
single exception of fornication; but enjoins that all other annoyances, if any
such should happen to spring up, be borne with fortitude for the sake of
conjugal fidelity and for the sake of chastity; and he also calls that man an
adulterer who should marry her that has been divorced by her husband. And the
Apostle Paul shows the limit of this state of affairs, for he says it is to be
observed as long as her husband liveth; but on the husband’s death he gives
permission to marry. For he himself also held by this rule, and therein brings
forward not his own advice, as in the case of some of his admonitions, but a
command by the Lord when he says: “And unto the married I command, yet not I,
but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from her husband: but and if she depart,
let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband: and let not the
husband put away his wife.” I believe that, according to a similar rule, if he
shall put her away, he is to remain unmarried, or be reconciled to his
wife. -Commentaries on the Sermon on the Mount, Harmony of the Gospels,
Homilieson the Gospels (a)For whosoever putteth away his wife except for the cause of
fornication, maketh her to commit adultery. To such a degree is that marriage
compact entered upon be a holy Sacrament, that it is not made void even by
separation itself, since so long as her husband lives, even by whom she hath
been left, she commits adultery in the case where she marries another, and he
who hath left her is the cause of this evil. But I marvel, if, if it be allowed
to put away a wife who is an adulteress, so it be allowed, having put her away,
to marry another. For holy Scripture makes a hard knot in this matter in that
the apostle says, that, by commandment of the Lord, the wife ought not to depart
from her husband, but, in case she shall have departed to remain unmarried, or
to be reconciled to her husband…I can not see how the man can have permission to
marry another, in the case where he left an adulteress, when a woman can not be
married to another when she left an adulterer. Seeing that the compact of
marriage is not done away with by an intervening divorce, so that they continue
as wedded persons one to another, even after separation, and commit adultery
with those with whom they be joined, even after their own divorce, either the
woman with the man, or the man with a woman. Neither can it rightly be held that
a husband who dismisses his wife because of fornication and marries another does
not commit adultery. For there is also adultery on the part of those who, after
the repudiation of their former wives because of fornication, marry others… No
one is so unreasonable to say that a man who marries a woman whose husband has
dismissed her because of fornication is not an adulterer, while maintaining that
a man who marries a woman dismissed without the ground of fornication is an
adulterer. Both of these men are guilty of adultery.
-Adulterous Marriages 1:9:9
(a)A spouse, therefore, is lawfully dismissed for cause of adultery, but
the laws of chastity remains. That is why a man is guilty of adultery if he
marries a woman who has been dismissed even for this very reason of
adultery.-ibid., 2:4:4 (a)A woman begins to
be the wife of no later husband unless she has ceased to be the wife of a former
one. She will cease to be the wife of a former one, however, if that husband
should die, not if he commit adultery. –ibed, 2:4:3
(a)Therefore to serve two or more (men), so to pass over from a living
husband into marriage with another, was neither lawful then (in the Old
Testament), nor is it lawful now, nor will it ever be lawful. To apostatize
from the One God, and to go into adulteress superstitions of another, is ever an
evil. -On the
Holy Spirit; Doctrinal Treatises; Moral Treatises.(a)
1.It cannot be rightly held by those wishing to believe so that anyone
who divorces their spouse for adultery and then marries another is in the will
of God and avoids the sin of adultery.
2. It is adultery to marry another if someone is divorced and then chooses
a new husband or wife.
3.Whether or not a spouse commits adultery or fornication does not matter
insofar as remarriage is concerned. Whoever remarries while a divorced spouse
lives is in the state and sin of
4.When a spouse remarries according to the law of the land, after a
divorce, they are still married to the former spouse as long as that spouse
lives. Therefore the sexual and intimate relationship they have with a new
spouse is simply engaging in a forbidden relationship by sinning with a person
they are not married to in the eyes of God and the Church. Chastity refers to
sexual abstinence. To have sexual relations with a remarried spouse is to be
living in sin, in direct disobedience to God’s Word.
5.A spouse can if they must, divorce their husband or wife who is guilty
of adultery, but must not have a relationship with another as long as the
original partner lives, for they are still in a binding life long covenant with
6.It is forbidden for a man or woman, even if they themselves were never
previously married, to marry or have sexual relations with a divorced person
whose spouse is still alive. They would be guilty of having sexual relations
with another person’s spouse, which is the very definition of the sin of
7.It never has been lawful, it is not now lawful, and it never will be
lawful to divorce and remarry. To say and do otherwise is to adopt the
adulterous superstitions of a different God than the one to which we have to
Summary of Early Church Doctrine on Marriage, Divorce and
Remarriage 90 A.D. – 419 A.D.
1. If a spouse persists in adulterous
behavior and there is no other alternative, the marriage relationship can be
terminated by the innocent party. (Hermes, Clement,
2. Spouses that are divorced for any reason
must remain celibate and single as long as both spouses live. Remarriage is
expressly prohibited. (Hermes, Justin Martyr, Clement, Origen,
Basil, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine)
3. To indulge in lust with the mind is to be guilty of adultery of the
heart. (Justin Martyr)
4. Whoever marries a divorced person commits
adultery. (Hermes, Justin Martyr, Clement, Origen,
Basil, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine)
5. Whoever contracts a second marriage, whether a Christian or not,
while a former spouse lives is sinning against God.
(Justin Martyr, Ambrose)
6. God does not, and the Church must not, take into account human law
when it is in violation of God’s law.
(Justin Martyr, Origen, Ambrose)
7. God judges motives and intentions, private thought life and actions.
8. The marriage covenant between a man and a
woman is permanent, as long as both husband and wife are alive.
(Clement, Origen, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine)
9. It is a serious offence against God to take another person’s spouse.
10. The Church must
charge all persons who are in possession of another living person’s former
husband or wife with adultery. (Basil)
11. Sexual relations are a marital right that is limited to one’s own
husband or wife. (Hermes, Justin Martyr,
Clement, Origen, Basil, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine)
12. Sexual relations with one’s legitimate spouse protects from sexual
13. Marriage and sexual relations with a
remarried spouse while a former spouse lives is the sin of adultery.
(Hermes, Justin Martyr, Clement, Origen, Basil, Ambrose, Jerome,
14. It is a serious mistake to believe that
it is simply one’s right to divorce a spouse and take another. Even though human
law may permit such a thing, God strictly forbids it, and cannot, and will not
honor it. (Clement, Origen, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine)
15. Anyone who follows human customs and laws regarding marriage,
divorce and remarriage, instead of God’s Divine instructions should stand in
fearful awe of God Himself. (Clement, Ambrose)
16. All lawmakers, in and out of the Church are warned, to their peril,
to hear and obey the Word of the Lord in regard to His commands on marriage and
17. Christians are to stop making excuses and
trying to find justification for divorce and remarriage. There are no valid
reasons acceptable to God. (Jerome, Augustine)
18. A marriage is for life. No matter what a spouse turns out to be, or
how they may act, what they do or don’t do, or the sins they commit, the
covenant remains fully in effect. A remarriage while a former spouse lives is
not marriage at all, but sinful adultery. God does not divide the one flesh
relationship except by physical death.
(Hermes, Clement, Origen, Basil, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine)
19. Marriage is a lifelong covenant that will never be invalidated by
God while both parties live. (Hermes, Justin Martyr, Clement, Origen,
Basil, Ambrose, Augustine)
20. It never has been
lawful, it is not now lawful, and it never will be lawful to divorce and
remarry. To say and do otherwise is to worship and adopt the adulterous
superstitions of a different God than the one to which we have to do.